The Taiwan Transportation includes all the modes of conveyance facilities. Road, rail, air and water, all them add up to make the Taiwan Transportation complete. The western region of Taiwan has the most developed transportation system as it is the area that is most populated in Taiwan. This region has the biggest chain of roadways and railways. The roads are highly developed and are well connected with each other. The transportation in Taiwan includes the following sectors:
Taiwan currently has two international airports: Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in the north and Kaohsiung International Airport in the south. Both airports are presently in the process of being expanding. Taiwan also has 15 local airports providing facilities for domestic flights.
Harbors and Shipping Lanes
As Taiwan is surrounded by sea from all the sides, sea transportation in Taiwan covers a major part of the Taiwan Transportation. The marine ships and the local ferries comprise the sea transportation in Taiwan.
The railways have the biggest chain in Taiwan. It includes the metro rail, the light rail, the high speed rail and the general rail. The rail also connects Taiwan with the other regions of the country. The railway Taiwan is administered by the Taiwan Railway Administration.
High Speed Railways
The THSR covers 345 kilometers, connecting Taipei and Zuoying on the northern edge of Kaohsiung, passing through ten counties and Taiwan's four biggest cities. There are six stations already constructed along the line: Banqiao, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi and Tainan.
The roadways in Taiwan include both the national and regional highways. It also includes the urban roads that are interconnected with each other and is extended to the farthest corners of the region.
Mass Rapid Transit
The rapid transit system is more than just traffic and transportation. It not only brings convenient transportation to people, but is also the source of shaping a modernized urban pattern and is the driving force for a better lifestyle. The Taipei Metro, more commonly known as the MRT or formally as the Taipei Rapid Transit System, is a rapid transit system serving metropolitan Taipei in Taiwan. Kaohsiung Rapid Transit System (KRTS) serves Kaohsiung City in Taiwan. MRT systems in Taiwan significantly shorten the communing and traveling time of the citizens and expand the living territory of urban residents to making them experience a safe, reliable, convenient and comfortable transportation service.
Taiwan's long distant highway transportation services are provided by private transportation companies: Guo- Guang Bus Corp., UBus, Dragon Bus, Free Go Bus Corp. and Aloha Bus. They are carrying passengers and shuttling on significant provincial highways and the freeways. Stops for the long distant highway transportation are scattering in different cities, but Taipei, Taichung and Kaohsiung are the main transferring stops.
Major cities have an abundance of taxis. Charges are NT$70 for the first 1.5km and NT$5 for each additional 300 meters. An additional NT$5 is charged for every two minutes of waiting, and a 20% surcharge is added to fares between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m., NT$10 dollars tip needed for cab dispatched by phone and for luggage placed in taxi trunk. Charges may be raised during Chinese New Year holidays. Basically, taxi fares in all major cities are set by local city government itself and are in a minor discrepancy. Out-of-town or long-distance travels may not apply to meter charge; travelers are suggested to confirm charging method before getting on taxi. Most drivers do not speak English, so it is a good idea to have hotel personnel write both your destination and your hotel's name and address in Chinese, along with the projected cost of each one-way trip.
Visitors with international licenses may drive a car in Taiwan. However, for those who are not familiar with the road conditions, it is recommended to rent a car with driver. Cars can be rented at service counters in major airports, train stations and downtown locations. Some of international hotels also provide car rental service which is convenient to visitors who need just airport pick-up or a journey in a few hours.